Cheeses of ewe’s milk, packed in sheepskins or bark, are in great demand. One was by Mr. The smell of petroleum assails the olfactory organs, and we often see carts drawn by oxen or buffaloes, containing one or more barrels of the mineral oil; whilst on the hills are to be seen the rude wooden structures which cover the wells, and roads or tramways along which the oil is carried into the valley below. So far as the peasantry are concerned, they are a fine healthy body of men and women, and we shall have an opportunity further on of enquiring into their habits and condition. Cheap transit enables the Rumanian farmers to compete successfully in the meat-markets of Austria, Germany and Holland. Ruins of a Roman bath exist near Curtea de Argesh. Within the distance of half a mile from it, the postilion gives warning of his by a repeated and great cracking of his whip, so that by the time of another cart is got ready to receive the traveller’ p.
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Under King Charles, an ardent forester, the wholesale destruction of timber was arrested, and new plantations met with success.
They usually wear a kerchief rather gracefully folded over the head and colors the chin; the upper part of the body is clothed in a loose-fitting jacket or cllours, sometimes white, but often of very bright showy material, and the lower limbs are covered with a skirt which is usually of a darker colour than the jacket; but this is also frequently made of a bright-coloured fabric.
This is rock of which cartloads may be seen moving to the railway s or piled up in various places.
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The chief anthracite beds, those in the Gorjiu department, are leased until to an English capitalist, who has the right to construct railways. The peasantry at work in the fields present a novel, and interesting appearance to the stranger, and still more striking are some of their habitations. Hanon gave only The blouse is drawn in at the waist by a coil of cords or by a belt, and frequently sandals are worn, in which case the cords fastening them are wound some distance up  the leg.
The women, as in many other continental countries, are the chief workers in the fields, and they are said to be much more industrious than the men. The character of the gradients will be best understood by a reference to the map, with the aid of the following few figures. Designating these respectively as a, b, c, and d, we obtained the following very approximate results: The general opinion of persons who have observed the peasantry is that those of the mountain districts afford, in their type of face, habits, and some words, the best illustrations in support of the Daco-Roman hypothesis.
Estates in private hands are liable to state control, under the Forests Act of In winter the flocks are driven from the highlands to the plains. To combat the phylloxerathe government ordered the destruction of all infected vines, distributed immune American stocks and established schools of viticulture. The southern slopes of the Carpathians consist of various older strata-secondary, primary, and metamorphic-and the rocks of which they are composed are limestone, marble, schist mica-schist and slateand gneiss.
The best general works, touching also on geology, are those of Aurelian and Obedenare. Large tracts of woodland were cleared near the railways, and the communal rights of grazing and gathering firewood destroyed the aftergrowths. This industry began to decline afterbut revived with the establishment of government schools of fruit-culture in many villages. At the further extremity of the convent are the apartments of the King  and Queen, and it is hardly necessary to add that everything is done to render this old building suitable for the abode of royalty.
Tobacco is largely cultivated, under state supervision. The frosts are severe, the Danube being often icebound for three months.
But we must dwell no longer in this realm of fruitfulness, and must pass on to the alpine regions beyond. Such writers a Aurelian and Obedenare simply deplore the paucity of information, whit Fuchs, an able and industrious geologist, says: The appearance of the plain on leaving the flat monotonous banks of the Danube is anything but prepossessing Although the land begins to rise almost immediately, the surrounding scenery is flat and arid. This is the system in practice in some parts of Russia, and the author travelled In this fashion, in the winter offrom St.
Little snow falls in the plains, but among the mountains it may lie for five months. They Do not, however, in the least resemble either the Romans with bare, or the with bearded faces, on the column, and throw no light whatever upon the vexed question.
Page:EB – Volume djvu/ – Wikisource, the free online library
That gold has been found and was worked in the Carpathians as far back as the Dacian age is well known; and, according to modern writers, cobalt, sulphur, arsenic, copper, 5 and lead also present in different districts, but the workable minerals of Roumania are at present limited to salt, petroleunm, and lignite; and, looking to the importance of the subject, it is much to be regretted that the Government does not take the same means to instruct the population practical geology and mineralogy as are employed to diseminate agricultural knowledge at the excellent institution which reference will be made hereafter.
The smell of petroleum assails the olfactory organs, and we often see carts drawn by oxen or buffaloes, containing one or more barrels of the mineral oil; whilst on the hills are to be seen the rude wooden structures which cover the wells, and roads or tramways along which the oil is carried into the valley below.
Under the Turks, gold-washing was carried on by gipsy slaves, but it has long been abandoned as unprofitable.
In the first distribution, which took place almost immediately after the law was passed,families in Walachia and aboutin Moldavia became freeholders, holding nearly 4 million acres or one-third of the cultivated area of the country.
And so, too, the palin and their habitations wear the appearance of comfort and prosperity. Views Read Edit View history. If from Bucarest, the traveller may go by the railway from Vienna to that city in thirty hours, and forward to Sinaia in about four hours more, or he may land at Giurgevo either on his way from Constantinople by Varna and Rustchuk, or from the steamer down the Danube from Pesth. In so doing we change our altitude much more rapidly than heretofore, and as we travel through the ascending anthraciite into the pine-clad rocks and mountains it is difficult to know with what European highlands to draw a comparison.